Territory of Guam
Guhn
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Where America's Day Begins"
Anthem: Fanohge Chamoru
 

 

Capital Hagta
Largest village Dededo
Official languages English and Chamorro
Demonym Guamanian
Government
 -  President George W. Bush (R)
 -  Governor Felix Perez Camacho (R)
Area
 -  Total 541.3 km (192nd)
209 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  July 2007 estimate 173,456 (179th)
 -  2000 census 154,805 
 -  Density 320/km (37th)
830/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2000 estimate
 -  Total $3.2 billion (167th)
 -  Per capita $21,0001 (35th)
Currency United States dollar (USD)
Time zone Chamorro Standard Time (UTC+10)
Internet TLD .gu
Calling code +1 671

Guam (Chamorro: Guhn), officially the Territory of Guam, is an island in the Western Pacific Ocean and is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States. It is one of five U.S. territories with an established civilian government.[1] The island's capital is Hagta (formerly Agana). Guam is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands.

The Chamorros, Guam's indigenous inhabitants, first populated the island approximately 4,000 years ago.[citation needed] The island has a long history of European colonialism beginning in 1668 with the arrival of Spanish settlers including Padre San Vitores, a Catholic missionary. The island was taken over from Spain by the United States during the Spanish American War in 1898. As the largest island in Micronesia and the only American-held island in the region before World War II, Guam was occupied by the Japanese between December 1941 and July 1944. Today, Guam's economy is mainly supported by tourism (primarily from Japan) and U.S. military bases.